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How dependable electricity reaches you

POWER SOURCE

Generation and transmission cooperatives (G&Ts), like Great River Energy, operate power generating facilities. At a steam generating plant, the fuel (coal, nuclear or biomass) heats water to make steam and drive a turbine. In a combustion turbine, the fuel (gas or oil) is burned and the hot gas drives a turbine. Wind hydro and solar are other forms of energy producers.


High-voltage
transmission lines

Transformers at the generating plant increase the voltage up to a transmission voltage (69 kV, 115 kV, 230 kV, 500 kV, 765 kV), so it can travel long distances over high-voltage transmission lines. G&Ts operate these lines, which carry the electric energy from the generating stations to the places where electricity is used.


TRANSMISSION SUBSTATION
Transformers reduce the electric energy down to a lower voltage (69 kV, 34 kV) making it suitable for high-volume delivery over short distances.


LOCAL DISTRIBUTION SUBSTATION
Transformers reduce the electric energy down to a lower voltage (69 kV, 34 kV) making it suitable for high-volume delivery over short distances.

Large industrial wuer
Most industries need 2,400 to 4,160 volts to run heavy machinery. They usually have their own substation at the facility.

Distribution lines
Lines belonging to local electric co-ops carry electricity to transformers that reduce power levels to 120/240 or 120/208 volts for use in schools, farms, small businesses and homes.